Born at Barnsley, Yorkshire,
England, May 21, 1832; died
China, June 3,
1905. His father was an eloquent and able Methodist local preacher and his
mother a woman of more than ordinary sweet and patient spirit. Hudson Taylor
combined the ability of his father with the gentle disposition of his mother.
He was converted through the reading of a tract at the age of fifteen, and not
long afterward passed through a remarkable experience, at which time he
dedicated himself to God for whatever service might be appointed.
Unknown to himself, his father, who had been deeply interested
in China, had prayed that his son might go to that land as a missionary, and
very early, through the reading of Walter Henry Medhurst's
China (London, 1838), the thoughts of young Taylor were directed to that
country. With a view to preparing himself for his life-work, he became an
assistant to a physician at Hull, and
subsequently studied medicine at the London
Hospital. The great
interest awakened in China through the Taiping
rebellion, which was then erroneously supposed to be a mass movement toward
Christianity, together with the glowing but exaggerated reports made by Carl
Friedrich August Gutzlaff concerning China's
accessibility, led to the founding of the China Evangelization Society, to the
service of which Hudson Taylor offered himself and on Sept. 19, 1853, he sailed
for China before the completion of his medical studies.
The six years from 1854 to 1860 were spent in Shanghai,
Swatow, and Ningpo, working sometimes in company with older
missionaries of other societies and especially with William Chalmers Burns of
the English Presbyterian Mission. During this period he retired from the China
Evangelization Society, which subsequently ceased to exist, and continued as an
independent worker, trusting God to supply his need. His experiences of God's
faithfulness in meeting his own personal needs and the needs of a hospital at Ningpo, of which he had taken charge, had much to do with
the subsequent step of founding the China Inland Mission. While at Ningpo he married Miss Maria Dyer, daughter of the Rev.
Samuel Dyer of the London Missionary Society. Two of their children also worked
as missionaries in China.
Poor health caused him to return to England in 1860 where he spent the
next five years. In company with the Rev. Frederick Foster Cough of the Church
Missionary Society, he completed the revision of a version of the New Testament
in the colloquial of Ningpo for the British and
Foreign Bible Society, and also finished his medical course.
To arouse interest in the great Middle Kingdom he published a
book entitled China, its Spiritual Need and Claims (London, 1875, 8th
ed., 1890), which has been much used in calling forth sympathy for China and
volunteers for the field, who began to go out in 1862, the first being James J.
In 1861, at Brighton, Taylor
definitely dedicated himself to God for the founding of a new society to
undertake the evangelization of inland China. In May, 1866, he, with his
wife and children and a party of sixteen missionaries, sailed for China. Thus was
definitely launched that organization which, on Jan. 1, 1911, had 968
missionaries (including wives) connected with it, and in the support of which
more than £1,471,000 had been contributed in answer to prayer and without
public or private solicitation of funds. From the founding of the mission in
time became more and more occupied as general director of a growing work. His
duties necessitated extensive journeys in China and frequent visits to the
home country. In 1888 a wider ministry was commenced through the formation of a
home center in North America. This arose
presence at the Northfield Convention. Two years later another center was
founded in Australasia. Various visits to the
continent of Europe led to the inception of associate missions, which
as their general director on the field. In Jan., 1911, these associate missions
had 216 workers on the field.
The constant pressure
and increasing strain inseparable from such a work frequently threatened a
serious breakdown; but Taylor,
though far from strong as a child, manifested remarkable recuperative powers.
In 1900, however, at
the New York Conference, the first serious signs of failing health began to
manifest themselves. Having already associated Dixon Edward Hoste
with himself in the directorate of the mission, He slowly resigned his great
responsibilities, still seeking to assist the work as consulting director while
living quietly in retirement in Switzerland.
His second wife (nee Faulding), to whom he had been married in 1871, and by
whom he had two children, died in the summer of 1904. Early in 1905 Taylor determined, though extremely feeble, to pay another
visit to China.
After visiting various centers he reached Changsha, the capital of the previously
of Hunan, where he
suddenly and peacefully passed from his labors. His remains were interred at Chinkiang, by the side of his first wife and those of his
children who had died in China.
Founder of the China Inland Mission
by Marshall Broomhall